Achilles tendon injuries
Ankle sprains occur when you roll, twist or turn your ankle to an unnatural degree. That turning or twisting can stretch or tear the ligaments that hold your ankle joint in place, causing pain and limiting movement. Most ankle sprains can be treated with rest, ice, and OTC pain relievers, but for partial or full tears, greater intervention may be required.
Arthritis comes in many forms and can attack individual joints differently. Ankle arthritis is less common than arthritis in other major joints like the shoulder, hip and knee. When arthritis in the ankle does occur, there are three main forms of ankle arthritis.
A bunion is a small lump of bone that occurs on the joint at the base of the big toe. Bunions are formed when the big toe begins to tilt toward the smaller toes instead of straight forward. This is most often caused by ill-fitting shoes, though bunions can also be caused by genetics or a medical condition such as arthritis.
Congenital clubfoot is the term that describes an abnormality in which a shortened Achilles tendon causes the foot to be turned inward. In congenital clubfoot, the foot is twisted out of shape or position, and the tendons that connect the muscles to the bones of the foot are shorter than in a healthy foot. Half of all babies born with clubfoot have it in both feet.
Having flat feet means that the entire arch of your foot touches the floor when you stand up. Flat feet can be genetic or caused by an injury that either kept the foot from developing properly in childhood or damaged a healthy arch in adulthood. Our feet also tend to flatten out as we age. Flat feet can cause pain in the feet, knee, ankle and hips, as they force the legs out of alignment during movement.
Foot fractures are a common injury that can occur in patients of any age, from children to the elderly. Like all bone fractures, a foot fracture needs immediate, professional medical care to preserve the healthy function and movement of the foot. By knowing the symptoms of a broken foot, patients will be better equipped to know when to see professional foot fracture treatment.
A neuroma is often referred to as a “pinched nerve.” Neuromas are a disorganized growth of nerve cells, often identified as a benign (harmless) nerve tumor. The tumor is benign and frequently found between the third and fourth toes. Foot neuromas can be painful, causing tingling, numbness or a burning sensation in the ball of the foot and between the toes.
Hallux is Latin for “big toe”, or “first toe” and valgus means the displacement away from midline. Hallux Valgus is the most common foot deformity and is represented by a widespread misalignment of the big toe. Approximately 25% to 35% of the population have hallux valgus in varying degrees and it often causes foot pain and functional disability. Our orthopedic telemedicine experts have extensive experience in diagnosing and treating hallux valgus. They can consult with you through our state-of-the-art telehealth platform and give you the best medical advice for the treatment of your foot and toe pain associated with hallux valgus.
Hammertoe, also called mallet toe, is a deformity of the foot that makes the toe stay bent at rest rather than straight. Hammertoe develops when the muscles, tendons and ligaments that usually hold the toe straight become imbalanced. Hammertoes are often caused by ill-fitting shoes, the natural structure of the foot, foot trauma, and certain types of diseases.
Nerve disorders of the foot
- Tarsal tunnel syndrome etc
Peroneal Tendon subluxation and dislocation
Plantar fasciitis is a common cause of pain in the heel. With plantar fasciitis, the thick band of tissue that runs along the bottom of the foot from the heel bone to the toes becomes inflamed. Patients with plantar fasciitis describe a stabbing pain on the bottom of the heel that’s worse in the morning. Plantar fasciitis is very common in runners, people who wear shoes without adequate support, and people who are overweight.