Total elbow replacement is a joint replacement procedure that helps people regain the range of movement after elbow osteoarthritis or injury severely damages their elbow joint. Three bones make up the elbow joint, the ulna, humerus, and radius. In total elbow replacement, the damaged parts of the ulna and humerus are removed and replaced with a metal and plastic hinge.
Hip osteoarthritis is often called “wear-and-tear” arthritis. Osteoarthritis is a common degenerative joint disease and is more likely to affect individuals as they age. Hip osteoarthritis occurs when the injury and inflammation in the joint cause a breakdown of the cartilage that covers the bone. This cartilage, called articular cartilage is often compared to the shiny “gristle” at the ends of chicken bones.
Hip replacement surgery, also called a total hip replacement or hip arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure that replaces a damaged hip joint. The surgeon uses an artificial implant made of metal, ceramic or plastic materials, called a prosthesis, to replace and recreate the hip joint. The orthopedic telemedicine hip specialists at BICMD can evaluate your hip condition and give you a second opinion if you are thinking of hip replacement surgery.
Active and younger individuals can suffer from hip osteoarthritis. Hip osteoarthritis occurs when the articular cartilage on the end of the hip bone and on the socket wears away. This leaves an uncomfortable bone-on-bone condition which is painful and can be debilitating. The resulting inflammation causes hip osteoarthritis. Hip resurfacing is a type of hip replacement; however, instead of replacing the entire hip joint, hip resurfacing involves the shaving of the surface of the femur and the acetabulum (hip socket), and then capping it with a new joint surface.
Knee arthritis is also called degenerative joint disease. It is a wear-and-tear condition that is marked by the progressive loss of articular cartilage. The articular cartilage is the slippery, white cartilage-covering on the ends of the bones; it plays an important role in joint health. With age, injury, or repetitive motion, the articular cartilage can wear. Eventually enough cartilage can wear away, allowing the movement of bone-on-bone. The result is a painful, inflammatory process called osteoarthritis. Our experts at BICMD can diagnose your knee osteoarthritis through a virtual telemedicine encounter. BICMD physicians are the top experts in the country at diagnosing and suggesting treatment options for patients with knee arthritis.
A knee replacement repairs the surfaces of the knee that have been damaged by arthritis. In a knee replacement surgery, metal or plastic caps are fixed onto the ends of the bones of the knee, and the kneecap is also replaced. By replacing the damaged parts of the knee with new, smooth parts, movement is restored and the grinding, stiffness and pain associated with arthritis of the knee is eliminated.
Total shoulder replacement includes the removal of damaged portions of the shoulder joint and replacing them with metal or plastic implants. Patients that undergo total shoulder replacement typically do so because arthritis has damaged their natural shoulder joint, and the pain and stiffness they experience are not well treated by non-surgical means.
Types of arthritis
When thinking of arthritis, many people only think of the most common type, osteoarthritis. But there are more than 100 forms of this painful disease that affect millions of Americans every day. Check out this list of some of the most common types of arthritis.
Unicompartmental arthroplasty is also called a partial knee replacement. It is a surgical procedure that replaces only a portion of the knee that is affected by knee osteoarthritis. Unicompartmental arthroplasty is used to relieve the symptoms of arthritis when occurring in just one compartment of the knee. In a “normal” arthroplasty, or a total knee replacement, the damaged bone and cartilage is resurfaced and replaced with metal and plastic components. In a unicompartmental knee replacement only a portion of the knee is resurfaced and replaced.